Despite being of the same age, the young people living in the municipalities of the Srednjobosanski and Hercegovacko-neretvanski cantons often follow different teaching plans. A deep ethnic segregation primarily among Bosniaks and Croats remains ever present.
This seemingly temporary solution for the post-war period still remains in use even 20 years after the end of the conflict. None of the plans to reunite the schools have so far been successful.
One of the municipalities still following the “two schools under one roof” system is Vitez. This small town of approximately 30,000 inhabitants in the very heart of Bosnia-Herzegovina divides its youngest generations according to their names, by their native languages and through terms such as ethnicity.
The armed conflict between the Army of Bosnia-Herzegovina and the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) that broke out on the territory of Vitez, left a large number of people dead, tortured and sexually abused. Today Vitez is not officially divided, but the continued existence of “two schools under one roof” segregates the youngest, drawing new lives into the conflict that ended 20 years ago.